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3rd Scientific Meeting

Another edition of the Chapter's Scientific Meetings took place on June 7th. This time, the focus was on Biomechanics and Biomedical Physics, with two speakers from the area.

“Current challenges in retro-reflexive dual-media (air/water) kinematics – one of the priorities of the Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP)”

J. Paulo Vilas-Boas1,2, Sara Morais2, Pedro Fonseca2, Márcio Borgonovo2
1 University of Porto, Faculty of Sport, CIFI2D. Porto, Portugal
2 University of Porto, Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP). Porto, Portugal


Sports Biomechanics is both conducted internally and externally, being the second approach much popular, mainly due to the relative easiness of the procedures involved: kinematic and kinetic common techniques. The first being dominated by both image (or light) based techniques, and by inertial sensors, and the late by dedicated extensometry, including 6DOF force plates.   However, when water is involved this picture is radically changed, once the relatively simple external biomechanics become rather complex and difficult: image and light based kinemetric techniques are disturbed by air bubbles and reflexion; inertial data collection impaired by difficulties in wireless data transmission, and extensiometric dynamometry complicated by the simple presence of water (both due to waterproofing requirements, and water kinetic effects – hydrostatic pressure, added mass, waves, etc.). This figure is further stressed when dual-media (air / water) conditions need to be addressed as in swimming. In this case, differences in light refraction between air and water and surface waves are new extra problems needing to be addressed.
In this presentation we will present and discuss our group’s history on underwater and dual-media kinematics in swimming, with special emphasis on the current problems associated with light-based automatic tracking techniques, combining dry-land and underwater procedures. Concomitantly, the new facilities of the University of Porto regarding Biomechanical research – the new LABIOMEP – will be presented.

Brief biography

J. Paulo Vilas-Boas Is:
Full Professor of Biomechanics of the University of Porto, Faculty of Sport
Head of the Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP)
Member of the Steering Group “Swimming” of the World Commission for Science in Sports (WCSS-ICSSPE - UNESCO)
Member of the Board of the Portuguese Society of Biomechanics
Member of the Scientific Committee of the Doctoral Course in Sport Sciences of the University of Porto
Member of the Scientific Committee of the Doctoral Course in Physiotherapy of the University of Porto
Member of the Scientific Committee of the Doctoral Course in Occupational Health and Safety of the University of Porto
Member of the Direction of the Research Unit CIF2D / FCT
Promoter of 8 Ph.D. defended thesis and co-promoter of 3 others in foreign universities.
Promoter of more than 60 M.Sc. dissertations
Author of more than 300 presentations to international scientific and professional meetings
Author of about 190 scientific papers published under “peer review” process
Author and / or editor of 6 books with national or international circulation
Chairman of the X International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Porto 2006
Chairman of the XXIX International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports, ISBS’2011, Porto, Portugal

Research challenges in biomechanics of tissues and implants

José Simões, Ph.D., Professor and Director ESAD (Escola Superior de Artes e Design)


Biomechanics is a research area with strong developments in the Portuguese R&D field. The lecture aims to present the research conducted in recent years within the Biomechanics Research Group at the University of Aveiro. The author will address various topics focused on orthopedic and oro-facial biomechanics describing, through the projects that have been developed, the various challenges in the project approach of new implants, as well as the methods and materials used. Some future challenges will also be presented.

Brief biography

Bachelor, Master and PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto. Associate Professor at the University of Aveiro. Director of Escola Superior de Artes e Design (ESAD) in Matosinhos, Portugal. At the University of Aveiro he was the head of the areas of Biomechanics and Product Development and of the Research Group on Biomechanics (GIBUA). At ESAD is in charge of the Department for Research in Industrial Design (INDI-ESAD) and the coordinator of the specialization on Product Design of the Master in Design. His scientific research has been directed to the study of new concepts and implantable biomedical devices in human biomechanics. Pedagogically, he has been developing activities in the field of methodologies for product development, also materialized through applied research. He has authored or co-authored more than 500 publications in journals, national and international conferences. He has eight patents (2 international). He has received several awards for scientific research by the Portuguese Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, including award Dr. João Manuel Espregueira Mendes and Dr. Carlos Lima, and from several contests in industrial design.

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